Book: Fundamentals of Geology (Schulte) - Geosciences

Book: Fundamentals of Geology (Schulte) - Geosciences
  • Author : Soumyajit Mukherjee
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-12-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128168417

This second edition of Atlas of Structural Geology features a broad and inclusive range of high-quality mesoscale and microscale full-color photographs, descriptions, and captions related to the deformation of rocks and geologic structures. It is a multicontributed, comprehensive reference that includes submissions from many of the world’s leading structural geologists, making it one of the most thorough and comprehensive references available to the geoscience community. All types of structures are featured, including those related to ductile and brittle shear zones, sigma and delta structures, mineral fish, duplexes and trapezoids, shear-related folds, and flanking structures in the mesoscale and microscale. This second edition features new and expanded coverage, including seismic-image interpretation, landslide deformations, flowing glacial structures, and more than 150 new full-color images to illustrate the geologic features. A stunning collection of the world’s most beautiful and arresting geologic structures, this book is the ideal resource to illustrate key concepts in geology. Presents more than 400 top-quality, full-color photographs contributed by the world’s most respected structural geologists Features a broad range of morphological variations of geologic structures, making it the most up-to-date and inclusive reference of its kind Aids researchers in developing mathematical and analogue models on the peculiarity and uniqueness of the world’s most iconic structures

Fundamentals of Geology

Dr. Carla Montgomery received her undergraduate degree with double major in mathematics and geology from Wellesley College, her master’s degree in geology from Dartmouth College, and her Ph.D. in geochemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Following a postdoc at M.I.T., she joined the faculty of Northern Illinois University. Her research interests have included geochronology, high Dr. Carla Montgomery received her undergraduate degree with double major in mathematics and geology from Wellesley College, her master’s degree in geology from Dartmouth College, and her Ph.D. in geochemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Following a postdoc at M.I.T., she joined the faculty of Northern Illinois University. Her research interests have included geochronology, high-temperature geochemistry, and Precambrian geology. She is an elected Fellow of the Geological Society of America, and she has received NIU's Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award.

For many years, Dr. Montgomery served as associate dean of the Graduate School at NIU while continuing to teach and work as a member of the geology faculty. During that period, she was elected president of the Illinois Association of Graduate Schools and chair of the Midwestern Association of Graduate Schools, and was involved in programs at the state and national levels to enhance the participation of students from underrepresented groups in science, mathematics, and engineering. She subsequently returned full-time to her home department, only to be recruited for a part-time role as acting associate dean of liberal arts and sciences when a need unexpectedly arose. Though she formally retired in spring 2007, Dr. Montgomery continues to teach, work with students, and serve part-time in the dean's office.

It was at Dartmouth that she met her husband Warren, who has been immensely supportive of her many and varied activities (and who, though not a geoscientist himself, wields a mean ten-pound sledgehammer when field work calls for sampling). Together they enjoy a variety of outdoor activities – golf (walking whenever possible!), hiking, photography, skiing – and in her spare (?) time, Dr. Montgomery relaxes with needlework, plants, cooking, and singing with the DeKalb Festival Chorus.
(Biography from her publisher, McGraw-Hill) . more

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, and geoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basic chemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third edition of this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such ‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucid and accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition has been strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience and incorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry.

The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters 1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geological processes. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces the wave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types of chemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse and distinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey the geologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain their formation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. The book concludes with an extensive glossary of terms appendices cover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list the chemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in the book.

Reviews & endorsements

'Pollard and Fletcher have produced an authoritative textbook for 21st Century structural geologists. Fundamentals of Structural Geology comprehensively sets out the mathematics, physics and continuum mechanics that govern the deformation of rocks. This book is excellent value, combining classical and modern science with the authors' own research specialities, to illustrate the application of complete mechanics to structural geology. It will be a 'must' for all geoscientists who wish to model the Earth's deformation.' Sue Treagus, University of Manchester

'This is the best book on structural geology in a long time. In the way that characterizes their research work, Pollard and Fletcher lay out the physical concepts and tools needed to understand the structure-making processes and give many examples of their use. If you have any interest at all in the subject read this book. You'll be glad you did.' Don Ragan, Arizona State University

'This refreshingly quantitative book bridges the gap between higher-level continuum mechanics texts, with little emphasis on earth science problems, and introductory texts in structural geology, traditionally emphasizing observations. The approach taken by Pollard and Fletcher finds a balance between quantitative description and mechanical hypothesis testing. This book deserves a place in the working library of any structural geologist.' David Wiltschko, Texas AM University

'Graduate students and research geologists, in particular, will find it a clear and reliable source of good practice and good sense on quantitative structural geology.' Geological Magazine

'The authors have taken the opportunity to educate using multimedia, and the Website provides a comprehensive addition to the material in the book, including full colour images of the photographs in the text … the Website is easy to navigate and use and provides further links to useful sources of information. this package provides an ideal method to gain a better understanding of the mechanics of structural geology.' Open University Geological Society Journal

Geology is the scientific discipline dedicated to understanding the physical features and processes of Earth, as well as the history of the planet and its inhabitants since its origin. A basic understanding of the fundamentals of geology can enhance your appreciation of geoheritage sites and scenic vistas.

Geologic Time

Our National Parks contain a magnificent record of geologic time—rocks from each period of the geologic time scale are preserved.

Rocks and Minerals

Rocks and minerals are all around us! They are important for learning about earth materials, structure, and systems.

Plate Tectonics & Our National Parks

Tectonic processes shape the landscape and form some of the most spectacular structures found in national parks.

Geology and the Scientific Method

The scientific method is used in geology to find the best answer to questions about Earth's materials, processes, systems, and history.

Fundamental Geologic Principles

Learn about the basic principles that geologists have been using for hundreds of years to solve puzzles of geologic history.

Weathering and Erosion

Through the actions of water, wind, ice, and gravity, erosion is constantly shaping the land.

Geologist-In-Training Certification in the United States, 2019

Geologist-In-Training (GIT) certification is formal recognition that a person has passed the ASBOG® Fundamentals of Geology (FG) examination and also met specific education requirements. GIT certification is required in some states and optional in others and it demonstrates a level of technical competence to potential employers. The GIT certification is one step along the pathway towards professional geologist licensure during the time when the individual is gaining the required amount of work experience under the supervision of a Professional Geologist and preparing for the ASBOG® Practice of Geology (PG) examination.

A person seeking to use a GIT title should refer to their state’s licensing board website for references to the state-specific criteria, rules and regulations. Some states issue a GIT number or certificate after the state-specific criteria are met. In other states, the GIT title is approved for use after the state-specific criteria are met, but no GIT number or certificate is given.

Not all states with a pathway to licensure for professional geologists or geoscientists offer a GIT certificate. For candi­dates in these states, it is common to see on a work resume "FG examination – passed" accompanied with "eligible for licensure pending additional work experience" if additional professional experience is needed to qualify to take the PG examination. If all education and work experience are met but the PG examination has not been taken, "eligible for licensure" will be stated. Additionally, in states that do not offer a GIT certificate, some geoscientists elect to use GIT as an informal title if the state-specific criteria for higher education and/or work experience requirements have been met and the candidate has passed the FG examination.

Other GIT Facts

Kansas, Nebraska, and New York use the title "Intern Geol­ogist" or "Geologist Intern" as their Geologist-In-Training title equivalent.

Michigan does not offer licensing for Professional Geologists or a GIT program, but the FG is exam is offered by Central Michigan University.


Which disciplines belong to geology? Who deals with the deep subsurface, with the structure and history of the Earth? Where are physical or chemical properties, surface processes or the interaction with the environment of importance?

The geologists’ traditional tools of the trade: hammer, field book and hand specimens of rock
© Greg van der Bleeken

Gain an overview: Here you will find the basic information about geophysics, through to hydrogeology and paleontology. Learn more about the goals, issues and working methods of the various disciplines. And if you want to know more: we also provide databases and contact addresses for you on our website.

Tectonics / Structural geology

Enormous forces have always been at work inside our Earth. They continuously deform the Earth’s crust and affect its structural composition. Tectonic maps show how Switzerland is geologically.

Geotechnics & engineering geology

Geotechnical engineering combines elements of earth science, construction and mining. Tunneling projects, slope stabilization or site investigations are typical areas of application.

3D Geology

3D geological models provide a key solutions approach for infrastructure, urban and landscape planning. Spatial representation offers many advantages.

Geological cartography

Geological maps display a multitude of geologically relevant information in a concise manner. They are an important basis for geotechnical and environmental decisions. .


Geophysics deals with all of the Earth’s relevant physical phenomena. It includes various fields and can be subdivided according to research methods and their relevant applications.

Quaternary geology

The Quaternary is the most recent period in the Earth’s history: the last 2.6 million years. It is marked by the appearance of man as well as repeated glacial/interglacial cycles, which strongly.


Boreholes provide information about the composition of the ground. They also serve a particular purpose: for example, for the production of natural gas or as preparation for construction methods.


As a geological discipline, stratigraphy deals with the spatial location and temporal sequence of rock bodies. By means of stratigraphy, bodies of rock are dated and correlated with each other.

Watch the video: 2ο Γεωλογικό Συμπόσιο του Geological Community of Greece, 8-9122018 Λαύριο Μέρος 2ο (October 2021).